What is the community-wide fiber-optic internet that the City is considering?
The City of Hudson is looking at implementing a community-wide fiber-optic internet network that would provide Hudson residents with access to affordable, high-speed internet.
What is a fiber-optic internet?
It’s an Internet connection using fiber-optic cables in which data is delivered in light signals via small, flexible glass wires.
Why is Hudson considering community-wide fiber?
- Previous surveys show more than 70% of residents are unhappy with their service from current providers.
- Residents want faster speeds of a Gigabit per second or more and better service and reliability.
- The City has already installed fiber-optic internet in Hudson for the business community and that fiber network could be expanded to provide residential service.
- With the recent roll-back in net-neutrality, the City can protect citizens from unreasonable rates and practices and not discriminate by user, content, website, platform, applications or other communications.
- Fiber-optic technology is the 21st Century equivalent of electricity or water and is vital to harness speeds needed to power smart technology for homes, schools, businesses and the community.
What would Hudson gain with community-wide fiber-optic internet service?
- Community-wide access to fiber-optic technology is the 21st Century equivalent of electricity or water and is vital to harness speeds needed to power smart technology for homes, schools, businesses and the community.
- City-owned and operated, it would provide community access to a fiber-optic network that isn’t controlled by corporate interests and that provides everyone access to this vital resource.
- A city-wide fiber-optic network would provide the state-of-the-art backbone to power technology for safety forces and generate municipal efficiencies and savings through smart street lighting, utility metering, and other municipal uses.
- Research has shown that access to fiber may increase a home’s value.
- Residents will have the speed and reliability to run an increasing number of devices in their home without annoying buffering times.
How fast is a fiber network?
With speeds of 1 Gigabit per second and higher, fiber networks offer greater speed and bandwidth to power multiple devices for streaming video, for gaming, running applications and sending large files in seconds.
Why does speed matter?
Powering many digital devices at the same time requires reliable, high-speed fiber. Nothing is faster that a fiber-optic road to power devices and applications. With households averaging 8 digital devices (phones, computers, tablets, smart appliances, virtual assistants, security systems) per person, dependable, fast internet is a key component of quality of life and future-proofing the City.
Current private sector providers only offer up to 100 Megabits per second for download speeds and only 10-20 Megabits per second for uploads. See how speed makes a difference in the chart below.
|Media||Approximate Size||10 Mbps||100 Mbps||1000 Mbps (gigabit)|
|5-minute video||30 MB||26 seconds||2.5 seconds||0.2 seconds|
|45-minute HDTV show||600 MB||8.5 minutes||50 seconds||5 seconds|
|2-hour HD movie||4.5 GB||60 minutes||4.5 minutes||25 seconds|
Won't fiber-optic cable need to be replaced or the technology be upgraded?
The lifespan of coaxial copper cable is up to 5 years, after which it must be replaced with faster equipment. The lifespan of fiber-optic cable is 40 to 50 years or more. The first fiber networks were built in the 1970s and are all still in operations. Fiber strands do not decay, corrode, rot, wear or expire. With fiber, speeds and bandwidth can easily be upgraded as needed, and the City has calculated in with the cost estimates the cost of the minor equipment upgrades that would be necessary over the next 10+ years.
Doesn’t Hudson have this now?
Yes, Hudson has built, owns and operates Velocity Broadband, a fiber-optic internet service for Hudson businesses. The Community-Wide Fiber proposal is to build out the network and extend the service to residences in the City.
What will it cost to build a community-wide system and how would Hudson pay for it?
Building the network out to all Hudson homes and businesses is estimated to cost $21 million. To date, we have spent $3.4 million to build the 60-mile business network. It will cost an additional $17.5 million to build the rest of the network and to connect to each home. Council is currently looking into various funding options.
Will all residents get the new service?
Based on the original proposed tax levy funding, all homes and businesses could subscribe to the high-speed fiber network once it is built. Council is currently looking into alternative funding options and details have not been determined at this time. Please see the updates page for the most current information.
What about 5G small cell wireless that I hear is coming. Won't that replace this technology?
5G mobile wireless service will be the next upgrade from the current 4G. It is years away and has many limitations, including each cell only covering a 1,000- 2,000-foot radius which creates issues getting signals to into homes and past dense foliage. Speeds through any wireless connection cannot match the speeds of a direct fiber connection. 5G wireless requires fiber-optic cable be run throughout the entire community, connecting the necessary access points to make it operable.
But I have WiFi, I don’t need an internet service?
WiFi is a protocol to allow all the devices to connect to your home internet service. You must have an internet service to operate a WiFi system in your home.
My phone service is bundled with my internet service. How do I get phone service?
Hudson will offer phone service as part of its fiber network. Phone service would be at an additional fee. You can keep phone service through your current provider, including landline phones. Many households are using cell phones as their only phones.
Was market research done to determine a need?
Market research that measured the viability of a fiber-optic network in Hudson and measured market demand for the service.
- 98% of Hudson households have internet service.
- 7 out of 10 households believe communities need fast internet.
- 69% would prefer the service from the City rather than other providers.
- 78% of Hudson residential survey respondents have 5 or more devices connected to the Internet at home while 30% have more than 10 devices connected.
- 75% of Hudson residents have experienced moderate, severe, or total disruption of their service from internet problems with reliability and speed.
- 33% of Hudson residents are paying between $50 and $74 a month for home internet service; 11% are paying $75 to $99 a month, and an additional 28% of residents are paying above $100 a month.
- 81% said low-cost, high-speed internet was important to the future of the local community.
How was the research conducted?
In February 2018, market research was completed. The data includes information gathered through in-person interviews, focus groups and an internet survey and a recent American Directions phone survey. The phone survey conducted eliminated voluntary response bias to a total sample size of 400 respondents (± 4.8 sample error at 955 confidence interval). The list included wired lines, wireless and cell phone numbers. Age quotas were used to ensure a robust sample across all age groups, and it was weighted to reflect the actual age distribution from the 2010 Census data. Respondents were screened to ensure that they were speaking to a decision-maker for telecommunications and entertainment services in the home. Respondents with immediate family members employed by the City of Hudson, Windstream and/or Spectrum were excluded from the survey.
Why should the City get involved with fiber internet?
The role of a municipality is to provide essential civic services for the health and welfare of its community. Hudson has the Velocity Broadband all-fiber business network in place. Broadband internet service is becoming a “fourth utility” nationwide as the technology advances continue to link more devices to the internet.
Why not leave it to the private sector?
When the City first considered creating Velocity Broadband, staff reached out to the private sector and found no viable interest from providers in the area in building an affordable fiber network. Since then, no provider has stepped forward asking to help build the infrastructure. Residents have complained about poor service and reliability from current providers and have been asking for a better, faster, more reliable alternative. Private sector companies often pick installations based on the greatest opportunity that will reap the biggest dividends for the company, so they typically focus on urban areas. In general, Hudson's more rural landscape is not attractive to the private sector to make the investment necessary to offer a Gigabit fiber network to the entire community. As a government entity, the City of Hudson is not interested in generating large profits, but instead is committed to providing quality services that enrich our community.
Will business class services be available to residents?
Yes, our existing business class services will be available to residents who need them. This will include static IPs, dedicated bandwidth, and SIP trunks. A residential customer will have the flexibility to switch between residential and business services with a phone call and no equipment change out.
What about net neutrality?
Net neutrality is the principle that governments should mandate Internet service providers to treat all data on the Internet the same, and not discriminate or charge differently by user, content, website, platform, application, type of attached equipment, or method of communication. Hudson will follow the 2015 net-neutrality rules and treat all traffic equally.
Why Fiber over Copper, DSL or other methods?
Fiber-optic networks are quickly replacing copper and DSL for their faster speeds, increased bandwidth, long transmission distance, excellent reliability and better security.
|Uses fiber-optic cable||Uses copper coaxial cable||Uses copper phone lines|
|Fiber direct to the home||Bandwidth generally shared with neighbors||Direct ISP to residences|
|1Gbps (1,000 Mbps) speeds||100 Mbps. No Gbps speeds available to residents now||Slowest speeds. Slower for users farther from ISP|
|Upload/download speeds are the same 1 Gbps. Fastest upload speeds||100 Mbps download, 20 Mbps upload||Lower bandwidth, higher lag times.|
|Greater reliability, protected from electrical interference||Less reliable as fiber, subject to interference||Less reliable, subject to interference|
|Bandwidth||60 Terabits per second (60,000 Gbps) and beyond||10 Gbps|
|Future-proof||Evolving toward the desktop||CAT7 in development|
|Distance||12 miles + @10,000 Mbps||300 feet @ 1,000 Mpbs|
|Noise||Immune||Susceptible to EM/RFi interference, crosstalk, voltage surges|
|Security||Nearly impossible to tap||Susceptible to tapping|
|Lifecycle||30-50 years||5 years|
|Weight/1,000 ft.||4 lbs||39 lbs|
|Energy consumed||2W per user||>10W per user|